Private Cardiology - Improving your heart health
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High intensity exercise programs
getting healthy
Weight loss Keep it simple
The pyschological impact of heart disease
weight loss after christmas

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High intensity exercise programs

There has been increasing evidence for high intensity training in terms of changing and improving your metabolism in terms of insulin resistance. This may have benefits in terms of improving you metabolic profile over the long term.
How does it work?
20 secs of maximal effort in between normal steady paced exercise for three interval that's it.... three times a week.
This may be of benefit but has to be taken in context. Weight reduction is aided by exercise. The mental and physical benefits of exercise are well documented.

getting healthy

The effect of emotion on our ability to do things is so important. Get the emotion right get the thought right get the action right. Applying this to healthy living to get the thought right we need to rationalise to attain the correct emotion first. Visualisation is a well established technique. Image the feeling of good health and a trimmer figure. Hold the emotion. Then think of the action plan. Then act on it.
The type of exercise or diet plan is not crucial to be honest, sticking to the plan is.

Weight loss Keep it simple

I recently spoke with a patient and having discussed their lifestyle modifications we came up with simple strategy for weight loss. 
1. weigh yourself everyday to act as a motivational tool
2. your carbohydrate intake and increase your protein content... educate yourself about what you eat
3. try to exercise more often
The patient came to see me; he had lost 8 kg since his last appointment.

keep it simple 

The pyschological impact of heart disease

The Psychological impact of heart disease
This a large subject that is not often talked about. I was discussing this with a colleague today. Patients who in particular suffer heart attacks (where the blood supply to the heart it stopped and they commonly present with chest pain) can be greatly impacted. It is not only the body that needs healing it is also the mind. 
Questions like is it going to happen again?  Am I going to die? Will I lead a normal life? These can weigh heavily on people and cause them to go over it again and again.

weight loss after christmas

four rules to lose weight
1. Weigh yourselfeveryday. Although people don't always agree with the regularity of weighing yourself it does give you a motivational tool to watch your weight so do it everyday at the same time.

2. Reduce the carbohydrate and increase the protein. Carbohydrate can be stored as fat, protein generally does not and it keeps you fuller for longer

3. Use my fitness pal app to calorie count. It keeps you focussed and it educates you about food and portion size.

4. Write down the calorie content of the ten foods you eat the most this helps educate you about your food.

Statins

Statins are a class of medicine that lower cholesterol. Drugs such as simvastatin, rosuvastatin or atorvastatin may be familiar to some. Cholesterol is a key component in causing furring up of the arteries that can lead to heart pains and even heart attacks.
There has been some recent news about who should need a statin, indeed should more of the population take them? What about the side effects?
The answer is to look at the individual patient and assess their individual risk profile. Then decide together if a statin is necessary.

Smoking

Smoking is one of the single biggest risk factors for heart disease and stroke. The numbers of smokers is reducing thankfully. This does mean that the remainder of smokers are the more 'hardcore' smokers who are less likely to quite. The fact remains that qutting at any point in your life is of benefit.
There are a number aids to stopping, counselling, patches, gum and even electronic cigarettes. There has been some controversy about the use of these are the amount of nicotine may be unregulated.

biodegradable stents

Coronary artery blockages can cause the blood supply to the heart to stop. Conventionally we have used metal stent mounted on a balloon to open up blocked arteries and to keep them open.
In the last few years there is a new type of stent available that is made of a biodegradable material that dissolves away completely after 18 months to 2 years. This means that there no longer any stent left within the artery for the rest of the patients life. This may have implications for younger patients and those requiring a long segment of artery that needs to be stented.

unsaturated or saturated fats

There has been a recent trial looking at the presumed benefit of polyunsaturated fat versus saturated fats (like butter). The trial suggests that there is no benefit from polyunsaturated fats like olive oil. Don't panic. I think the basic message is still the same. Portion discipline and regular exercise still apply. Moderation is the key. Simply follow the same old advice such as fruit and veg regularly, If you do decide to go back to butter as opposed to margarine with polyunsaturated fat, just remember moderation is the key.

Diet and cardiovascular health

Supplements and heart health.
Health supplements are promoted to help cardiovascular health. There has been a recent large analysis looking at the benefit of health supplements and cardiovascular health. The results seem to suggest that there is no benefit from these over the counter health supplements. Multivitamins do not seems to prevent cardiovascular events such as heart attacks. (USPSTF Annals of internal medicine Feb 2014).
Having a healthy diet and taking regular exercise are the key to reducing your risk of heart disease.